September is Hydrocephalus Awareness Month



  Facts about Hydrocephalus:


  • Hydrocephalus gets its name from the Greek words for water (HYDRO) and head (CEPHALUS), and sometimes is called "water on the brain."


  • Hydrocephalus is excess cerebralspinal fluid (CSF) accumulation in the head caused by disturbance of formation, flow or absorption.


  • Normally , CSF flows through the ventricles, exits into cisterns (closed spaces that serve as reservoirs) at the base of the brain, bathes the surfaces of the brain and spinal cord, and is reabsorbed into the bloodstream. In someone with Hydrocephalus, there is excessive accumulation of CSF. This results in an abnormal widening in the ventricles thus causing potentially harmful pressure on the tissues of the brain.


  • Hydrocephalus can cause babies' and young children's heads to swell to make room for the excess fluid. Older kids, whose skull bones have matured and fused together, have painful headaches from the increased pressure in the head.


  • Hydrocephalus occurs in 80-90% of those with Spina Bifida.


  • If it's not treated, hydrocephalus can lead to brain damage, a loss in mental and physical abilities, and even death


  • Hydrocephalus is treated surgically by inserting a shunt system. A shunt diverts the CSF from the brain to other areas of th ebody where it is absorbed as part of normal ciculatory processes.


  • Hydrocephalus is diagnosed through clinical neurological evaluation using imaging techniques (ultrasonography, CT, MRI, pressure-monitoring techniques).


  • If you would like more information on Hydrocephalus and its connection to Spina Bifida, email


  • If you would like to make a donation in your loved one's name who has Hydrocephalus click here and fill out the information, they will receive a letter knowing about your generous donation.




  Information retrieved from the National Institute of Health




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